2012 was a year of nonstop protests of a nationwide movement in Bahrain demanding democracy and expressing rejection of dictatorship and absolute rule. Protests and demonstrations were held on a daily basis in most areas across the country, and mass rallies and marches filled streets on Fridays, three of which made an inspiring view of enormously huge rallies, -in fact the biggest in Bahrain history- when the vast majority of the people of Bahrain rallied on 9 March, 21 April and 18 May in 2012 to demand democratic transition
On the other hand, not a single day of 2012 passed without suppression, attacks and violations by the regime’s military and security services, being it arrests, nightly house raids, raining neighborhoods with toxic gasses, lockdowns on residential areas, vandalism or attacks against citizens.
The regime continued to take on discrimination projects and laws that tighten freedoms, it had also continued its defamation against dissidents in state media and press and continued to raise tensions to damage the social fabric.
Tens have been martyred during 2012, amongst them a number of brutal assassinations as in the murder of the martyr Salah Abbas, the martyr Yuosif al-Muwali, the citizen journalist martyr Ahmed Ismail. A number of minors have also been targeted and killed during the year, including Ali Abbas, Hussam al-Haddad, Ali Ni’ma, Fadhel al-Aubaidi, Muhammad al-Mushaima and others.
2012 also witnessed numerous attempts of assassination, one of which was of al-Wefaq’s secretary-general, Sheikh Ali Salman, and a number of opposition figures. In addition to Aqeel Abdul-Mohsin, Ali al-Muwali and other activists and citizens.
Human rights activists were arrested during 2012, on top of them Nabeel Rajab, and Yousif al-Muhafda who are both still behind bars. Tens of women have been arrested during the past year, however, Zainab al-Khawaja, Masouma al-Sayed and Halima al-Sabbagh remain in detention.
A number of medics were re-arrested in house raids during 2012, for treating wounded protesters back in February and March 2011, and for their protest against the regime’s prevention of hospitals and ambulances from reaching the wounded protesters.
More than 1866 Bahraini citizens were arrested during 2012 for their political opinions, many of them have been in jail since 2011. Over 379 children were arrested during the past year. While the number of terrorizing night house raids went beyond 1323.
The regime in Bahrain continued its process of the politically-motivated and vindictive trials against hundreds of dissidents, including politicians and human right activists. Harsh and lengthy sentences were passed down, some had been sentenced to death while others were sentenced to life or lengthy imprisonment, the number of conviction years against citizens reached at least 600 years of improsinment.
Several criminal and inhumane acts were documented in different areas and periods, the most recent was a video footage which revealed a security officer harshly slapping a man on his face for no reason. Security forces were also seen insulting women, throwing Molotov cocktails, stealing from homes and trading stores, vandalizing private property, starting fire in streets and homes sometimes and using armed civilian militias, and targeting activists in their social life.
A big number of reports have criticized the integrity of the Bahraini judicial system as Amnesty International said it presents “travesty of justice” while the High Commissioner of Human Rights described it as “political persecution”. The Bahraini regime is yet to implement more than 202 recommendations of the UN’s Human Rights Council relating to outrageous human rights violations. The US State Department, European
Union Parliament and a number of European countries have raised and demands that the Bahraini regime implements recommendations.
2012 has recorded the highest level of dominance by the ruling family through controlling the most significant posts in the authority, to be restricted only to ruling family members in all aspects of life. Conspicuously, the ruling family directly runs more than 16 Ministries including all sovereign ministries plus the presidency of the cabinet, in addition to controlling all higher councils by the ruling family. More than 200 decisions and decrees for higher positions, were all issued based on discrimination, segregation and nepotism.
In 2012 the naturalization pace has been amplified by the regime by clandestinely issuing thousands of Bahraini passports without publicizing any accurate numbers as regards to this issue.
In 2012 many civil constitutions were targeted by the regime. It had annulled the elections’ outcomes of the lawyers society after non-governmental nominees had won. The regime has spoiled the elections of the medics society , and founded a new pro-government society as a substitute for the teachers society and it has changed the statute of the Bahrain Chamber of Commerce and Industry to have more dominance over it.
The regime attempted to devastate the labor life by founding a new labor union in counter to the General Federation of Bahrain Trade Unions (GFBTU) aiming to divide workers. By the end of 2012, more than 700 workers, who have been vindictively dismissed, are still paying the price of their pro-democratic stance by expressing their opinions
The number of unemployed citizens has increased dramatically due to the political and sectarian discrimination. Many citizens who hold university certificates are barred from recruitment because of their political opinions.
In 2012 the regime forces continued to target and demolish more mosques as well as other religious places.
The year 2012 also witnessed the revoking of 31 Bahraini nationalities, MPs were among those revoked nationalities, clerics, politicians and activists, all have had their nationality revoked because of their political stances that are against the regime in Bahrain.
2012 recorded the passing of one year over the BICI report without fulfilling its recommendations as the regime has been running away from and stalling on the commitments of the reports.
Unprecedentedly, a central Friday prayer has been banned by the regime, besieging and blocking all the ways that lead to the place of the prayers and then targeting those who were heading to the prayers. On that day one young man had been martyred and many had been injured.
In 2012, all sit-ins and protests were banned. The number of protests denied permit reached 70. Nonetheless, the opposition called for protests which were confronted by suppression and pursuits, restrictions and assaults. A suffocating siege was imposed on Al-Eker area that had continued for a week as many areas witnessed the same siege like Mihazza. Thousands of citizens have been injured as the regime forces were attacking the areas leaving 181 injuries, some of them were permanent disabilities.
The regime has systematically targeted political activities by pursuing the political activists, summoning them, interrogating and then threading them. Amal Society has been closed and threatening messages had been sent to other political societies that they could be prosecuted as well.
In 2012 many international and Arabic initiatives have been rejected by the regime in Bahrain to support a genuine dialogue between the government and the opposition. The regime also rejected many calls to start a genuine dialogue made by the United Nations, the United Kingdom, France, Russia, Germany and many other countries and organizations to exit the suffocating crisis.
The opposition issued the non-violence declaration in which they stressed on their peaceful approach and their permanent presence in streets until democracy is realized in Bahrain.
A woman and her children targeted with tear gas :http://youtu.be/IhpW-r-bqRc
Attempt of assassination of al-Wefaq’s SG Sheikh Ali Salman :http://youtu.be/QxauI5hdjqk
crackdown on opposition protest march:http://youtu.be/vd4_puVSApg
al-Wefaq’s SG’s house attacked : http://youtu.be/SCZRit2irn8
Crackdown on opposition protest in Manama:http://youtu.be/JTuAxMCIY9U
Brutal attack by security forces against a citizen in al-Eker :http://youtu.be/t-UuDXOT-cA
Security officer slaps a Bahraini man for no reason :http://youtu.be/zI_L1rAn4Bw
Masses rally in Bahrain : http://youtu.be/skWg5yrrkjg